Five different standards for charging electric vehicles are:-
- Combined Charging Systems: The charging system uses Combo 1 or Combo 2 connectors for providing power up to 350 kilowatts. The connectors are an extension of the IEC 62196 type 1 and type 2 connectors with additional two direct current contacts for allowing high-power DC fast charging.
Electric vehicles or electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) are CCS-capable if they support either AC or DC charging according to the standards listed by the CCS. Automobile manufacturers that support CCS include BMW, Daimler, FCA, Ford, Jaguar, General Motors, Groupe PSA, Honda, Hyundai, Kia, Mazda, MG, Polestar, Renault, Rivian, Tesla, Mahindra, Tata Motors, and Volkswagen Group.
- CHAdeMO: It is a fast charging system developed by CHAdeMO Association. CHAdeMO is an abbreviation for “Charge de Move” meaning charge for moving. The association was formed by the Tokyo electric power company and five other Japanese automakers. It was developed in 2010. It is popular in Japan and sold in North America or Europe.
- GB/T: It is set for electric vehicle AC and DC fast charging used in China. It belongs to the GB/T 20234 family.
- SAE J 1772: It is known as a J plug or Type 1 connector. It is maintained under the SAE International under “ SAE Surface Vehicle Recommended Practice J1772, SAE Electric Vehicle Conductive Charge Coupler”. The international standard is IEC 62196 type 1. It is used in North American standards. SAE maintains the general physical, electrical, communication protocol, and performance requirements for the electric vehicle conductive charge system and coupler.
- Tesla Supercharger: It is a 480-volt direct current fast-charging technology by American vehicle manufacturer Tesla Inc. for electric cars. The supercharger was introduced in 2012 with six supercharger stations. Supercharger stalls have a connector to supply electrical power at maximums of 72 kW, 150 kW, or 250 kW.
Source:- Tesla Model 3, Ioniq,