There are several emerging technologies with strong potential to outshine lithium-ion batteries in the future: –
- Solid-State Battery: It can replace the liquid or gel electrolyte found in lithium-ion batteries with a solid electrolyte, offering several advantages such as higher energy density, increased safety, and faster charging time. The potentiality of such a battery is significantly higher for improving the performance and safety of battery-powered devices.
- Lithium-Air Battery: It uses oxygen from the air as a reactant at the cathode, allowing a much higher theoretical energy density compared to traditional lithium-ion batteries. If the battery is developed successfully, it can provide significantly longer-lasting power for electric vehicles and other energy-intensive applications.
- Lithium-Sulphur Battery: They have the potential for a higher energy density compared to lithium-ion batteries. Sulphur is a lightweight and abundant element that is less expensive and has more environmentally friendly characteristics.
- Sodium-Ion Battery: These are an alternative to a lithium-ion battery that uses sodium ions instead of lithium ions for energy storage. Sodium is more abundant and less expensive. The energy density is currently lower than lithium-ion batteries, which aim to improve their performance.
- Flow Battery: It can store energy in electrolyte solutions contained in external tanks, allowing for independent scaling of power and energy storage capacities. Flow batteries have the advantage of higher energy density and longer lifetimes than traditional lithium-ion batteries. The battery is suitable for large-scale energy storage applications such as renewable energy integration and grid stabilization.
Source: InsideEVs, futurebridge, Washington university