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Can electric mobility be a key to climate neutrality in Germany?

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Well, in 1945, who can forget the situation of the European countries and the prime role played by the German. The countries were torn into world war II irrespective of the environmental and social impact. Nobody knew what the future holds for them.

However, the situation is different for Germany in 2045, exactly after100 years. The country is expected to experience climate neutrality in the transport sector especially through electromobility.

As per recent studies concerning the climate neutrality to be achieved in the transport sector is possible by electric mobility in Germany by 2045. The situation can be controlled by increasing the number of e-cars including plug-in hybrids to 14 million vehicles.

The electrical power trucks such as battery-electric, overhead lines, and fuel cells are used for most of the road freight transport. It can be achieved by increasing rail freight transport or significantly increasing public transport, cycling, and walking.

The CO2 emission is reduced in the transport sector from 162 million tonnes to 89 million tonnes in 2018. In 2030, it is expected to achieve by around 45%.

Another step involves replacing the existing internal combustion engines with electric vehicles. It can be done by no new registration of internal combustion engines from 2032 onwards. The manufacturer or Automobile production unit can make completely shut down the internal combustion engine production unit.

The country can also switch to electrically powered trucks, buses, and trains. The replacement of existing traditional fuels in air and sea transport with electricity-based fuels after 2035.

The study shows that by considering the following steps in the following years, the greenhouse gas-neutral transport sector is achievable by 2045 in Germany.

However, how much Germany is ready with the following steps? Are they ready to take the following measures and implement them immediately? What about the financial structure? What about the foundation and organization or the policy layout?

Are the consumers ready to make such a subtle change in their environment?

Sustainability is costly? Is it expensive? How the consumers or the people of Germany can adapt themselves to such change?  Even though his measures are effective. How reliable the financial and economic situation is and will it be able to sustain any economic crisis in the future.

What about pandamic scenaior. The way the situation is in present circumstances, nobody knows how far are they able to use any kind of transport. Mostly home-based work is going on. Due to the Covid crisis, most of the onsite manufacturing units are closed down.

What do you think about such a sudden change in transport will affect people’s mindset?

In conclusion, market penetration is needed for electric vehicles. More amount of investments is needed along the value chain for charging infrastructures. The cost of the batteries also needs to be available at a low cost for the end-users via low production costs, improving the business models. Effectively utilising the raw materials for higher purpose use.

Source:- Prognos, ├ľko-Institut, Wuppertal-Institut, 2021

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