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Some of the sustainability lingo or words used in day-to-day climate change communication.
- CO2 : Even though we exhale CO2 with each breath, it is a highly common gas that is naturally present in the air all around us. However, when fossil fuels are used at an ever-increasing rate, a lot more CO2 is created than is desirable for the natural balance, which causes the greenhouse effect—heat being trapped in the atmosphere—and ultimately, global warming.
- CO2e: The unit to quantify greenhouse gas emissions should be CO2e, which stands for carbon dioxide equivalent emissions, even though several calculators for calculating emissions of greenhouse gases concentrate on CO2. It is a catch-all phrase for a variety of gases, including CO2 and others like methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and chlorofluorocarbons, that has a greenhouse effect (CFCs). They combine to form greenhouse gases.
- Greenhouse gas life cycle emissions: Every stage of the process, from the manufacture of raw materials through their transportation, refinement, usage, and waste disposal, involves the release of greenhouse gases. We arrive at a company’s or product’s carbon footprint after considering all the components and steps. The only way to allow for the development of comparable data is to provide a clear description of what and how you are calculating.
- Carbon Footprint: A carbon footprint is often estimated for the lifespan of a product or service, but it may also be done for a business by calculating the GHG emissions during the selected life cycle.
- Carbon Handprint: It has been developed in Finland and has been accepted in other countries too. It can be calculated by how much greenhouse gas emission can be reduced for a product or a company can achieve. Or how greenhouse gas emission savings can be achieved for the customer by using a company’s products or services. Carbon handprint helps clients in reducing their carbon footprint.