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Are renewable energies effective in Germany to avoid GHG emissions?

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As per the data released by the umwelt Bundesamt,

  • Fossil fuels are heavily replaced by renewable energies in the electricity, heat, and transport sectors.
  • Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) are eight times higher than in 1990.
  • The focus of the German government is the significant increase of renewable energies to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

As of today, fossil fuels such as crude oil, coal, or natural gas are the important source of energy in Germany and worldwide but the German government is aiming to convert the use of fossil fuels to more Greenhouse gas energy.

In 2021, Carbon dioxide equivalents of 221 million tonnes could be used leading to a savings of almost eight times higher than in 1990.

In 2021, 75% of the electricity generation was contributed by renewables. In the heating sector, 20% was responsible and 4% in transport with the use of biofuels.

As per the “Climate Protection Programme 2030” from 2019, Federal Government aims in reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 55% below 1990 levels by 2030.

As per the Climate Protection Act 2021,  by 2045, the emissions need to be reduced to Zero and renewable energies are considered to be an important contribution to achieving such goals.

By 2030, 65% of gross electricity consumption and 30% of the total final energy consumption to be covered by renewable sources.

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Source:- umwelt Bundesamt

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