Technologies

Which technologies made headlines from the 18th to 19th century?

The world is surrounded by technologies. It is not a new model but being fascinated by various scientists. The discovery of various technologies cannot be neglected. The follower of the latest technologies has been cursed.

November 24, 1859 – Charles Darwin’s published work in England: On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection was an instant sensation in 1872. The book formulated modern era theory.

No doubt, his fear of contradicting biblical words of creation provokes controversy. The book released when other scientists started producing similar theories. The book led to other publications such as The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex.

The theory produces evidence of human evolution from apes. The work used in solving many other biological science puzzles. The theory got widely accepted but has been a topic of further modification in molecular biology and genetics discoveries. Even though it is not a technology but counted under scientific discoveries.

November 8, 1895- X-rays got discovered by Wilhelm Röntgen. The test of cathode rays whether that could pass through glass led to notification of a faint glow on a screen.

The discovery led to significant advances in medicine. However, the discovery is not free from any danger was realized later on. He was awarded the first Nobel Prize later on in Physics in 1901.

One of the most prominent discoveries among the technologies which lasted than anything in medical history. The benefits cannot be denied.

November 12, 1990- The “WorldWideWeb” being submitted by a scientist, Tim Berners-Lee, at CERN. The vision laid out a communication network enabling sharing of information among scientists.

Within the time frame of three months, the first web browser was created, and it was realized online in the next three months after that. Berners-Lee’s NeXT computer was hosted by the first website, the project was described by itself, and instructions were provided on how other people’s documents can be accessed and how to set up a web server.

December 10, 1901- Alfred Nobel, was the creator of the first Nobel prizes for physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace. Alfred Nobel was an inventor of high explosives such as dynamite and some of them has been used in war also.

Some notable inventors who received the award in that year are Wilhelm Röntgen in physics, for the discovery of X-rays; Emil von Behring, in medicine, for his work on serum therapy for diphtheria; and Henry Dunant, founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

December 2, 1942- The first nuclear chain reaction was created by the Physicist Enrico Fermi at the University of Chicago laboratory. He has been awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1938 for his work on the physics of radioactivity.

Enrico Fermi was a Jewish, sieged the Nobel ceremony as an opportunity to escape Italy after being frightened by the rise of Mussolini’s fascist regime. He settled in the United States permanently to work in partnership with Niels Bohr where the first suggested nuclear chain reaction was possible.

They warned President Roosevelt about the possible danger of developing an atomic bomb, received from Albert Einstein in a letter in 1939. It resulted in the creation of their own bomb at first, known as the infamous Manhattan Project.

Fermi was charged with creating the power for such a bomb. The work was done in a jury-rigged laboratory under Stagg Field at the Chicago University.

November 30, 1965- Ralph Nader published an instant bestseller book made about auto safety which became a hot issue. The bestseller book was titled Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-in Dangers of the American Automobile and published in the United States.

The argument was placed to make cars much safer to reduce any traffic fatalities. The book flamed the mass movement for the demand for safer vehicles and a regulatory structure. The demands led to the passage of the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 19666 and safety initiatives, including seat-belt laws in 49 states where a new generation of innovation is driven in automotive technology.

November 10, 2001- The first iPod that was shipped by Apple in the market got criticism from the market analysts and technical experts that the device was expensive and unimpressive but was loved by the consumer for the iPod’s looks, small size, and ease of use.

It was launched with the iTunes music store after 18 months, the technology reshaped two industries- technology and music. Consumers arguably loved the product for its easy availability and media portability.

In my opinion, the various segments and sectors show that technology doesn’t have any fixed domain to find its popularity. Even though some faced criticism or being considered contradictory tools.

The innovations and ideas show that however smaller in design it is, cannot be neglected or underestimated. The power of innovation often leads you from one to another theme.

Source:- News and Analysis of the Global innovation Scene by Mary Anne M. Gobble.

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