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What is the displacement scenario in Ukraine?

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As we talk about innovation and updating our self with new technologies, some parts of our world are struggling to survive with basic amenities. One such country is Ukraine.

As per a current IDMC report, the internal displacement crisis was aroused in Ukraine due to an armed conflict. Russia’s annexation of Crimea, Ukraine becoming an autonomous republic and by Donetsk and Luhansk region of east Ukraine proclaimed its subsequent independence which led to the trigger in March 2014.

As per the latest report, about 16 new displacements were recorded in the first half of 2019 which are associated with conflict and violence. As of now, the conflict was higher in 2015 where more than 800,000 people were displaced as compared to 2019.

The reason for such displacement is an act of oppose to the referendum which was backed by Moscow on Republic’s future wherein March 2014, Russia annexed Crimea.

Before the referendum and after the annexation, it created fear and also a threat to people’s life which led many of them to leave and be displaced to some other country or sometimes in a different continent itself. Intimidation and discrimination which was based on ethnicity or political alignment were also considered a major reason for the displacement.

The Eastern region of Ukraine, Donetsk, and Luhansk was also suffering due to several ceasefire agreements due to the independence declared from the rest of the country in May 2014.

The ongoing conflicts resulted in violence, insecurity, violation of human rights, which forced many people to flee, the lack of access to adequate housing, livelihoods, welfare benefits, social services, healthcare, and education. The security situation was volatile.

But the major problem was faced by older people who were not able to make the long journey which led to family separation and children’s vulnerable situation. People who are not under government control, need to pass one of the five checkpoints along the line of contact which provides a vulnerable situation for harassment and crime.

People who are not registered under government control provide access to welfare benefits but need to travel to the areas regularly which are under government control.

The impact of the life hosted for IDPs and communities faces insecurity which is chronic and got access to water, electricity, and medicine in limited order. Livelihood and shelter are also inadequate.

Some people who got the opportunity to live in government-controlled areas had to move to insecure areas due to unknown obligations, places where conflict is still ongoing, landmines and the prospect of assistance is little. In 2018, it was recorded, 1.1 million are crossing per month which includes elderly people who are over 60 years.

Often the situation is made worse by host communities and authorities. The Geneva-based organization’s report researched economic costs for health, shelter, education, security, and income to be significantly billions of dollars.

Source:- IDMC report

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