Greenhouse gases of the atmosphere are the composition of physical and chemical properties with the ability for retaining energy within the atmosphere of the earth hence resulting in global climate warming.
Greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide. The industrial gases are hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulphur hexafluoride, and nitrogen trifluoride.
The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) in 1988 governs the inventories of greenhouse gas emissions. It was formed as an international organization under United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO).
The organization was developed on the scientific basis for climate change. The methods formed by the international organization divided the source of emission into five categories:
- An energy source such as fuel combustion and fugitive emission from fuels.
- Industrial processes and use of products.
- Land use, and forestry.
In 1990, the three main greenhouse gases for most of the countries were adopted. It is considered to be the base year. Poland is working hard towards the goal of greenhouse gas emission reduction in 2008-2012 by 6% as compared to base year emissions.
The largest increase in greenhouse gas emission in 2017 compared to 1990 in Cyprus by 56%, Portugal by 23%, and Spain by 22%. In Ireland, it was recorded as 13%, Malta 12%, and Austria 6%.
The decrease in emission was recorded in Lithuania (57%), Latvia (56%), Romania (54%), and Estonia (48%). The GHG emission was recorded highest in 2017 in Luxembourg and lowest in Malta and Sweden.
In 2017, the largest GHG emission into the air from the energy industry was from Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, and Poland. Germany was the main emitter of GHG from the manufacturing industry. France was from agriculture and the UK from waste management.
Source:- Poland Environment