The ongoing trend for a carbon-neutral environment led to new ways of living styles and a new mode of fuels for the current as well as new vehicles. The trend of electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles has changed the need for fuel not in the traditional manner. So, what are synthetic fuels?
However, charging stations or e-vehicles cannot be the only solutions. What about the existing traditional vehicles that need liquid fuels? Is it possible to use carbon-neutral fuels for those vehicles?
The goal to eliminate global warming from our livelihood and to reduce CO2 emission has got the highest priority. The target is achievable by switching to more renewable energy sources and electric drives. In the coming years, it is predicted that the price of electric vehicles will decrease to make them affordable for everyone.
Traffics in all countries have been considered the main contributor to CO2 emissions. To combat the global warming issues, around 50% reduction in CO2 emission is needed whereas 85% in advanced economies.
Synthetic fuels are manufactured by the natural hydrogenation process from raw materials. The process includes the removal of carbon since the quantity of hydrogen is higher in gasoline and natural gas than in raw materials.
Synthetic fuels are liquid fuels such as fuel oil, diesel oil, gasoline, and methanol, clean solid fuels, and low-calorific value, medium-calorific value, and high-calorific value gas.
The need for synthetic fuels is for the combustion-powered engines needed in flights, ships, and trucks. They are also known as e-fuels.
The hydrogen is extracted from the water, extracting carbon from the surrounding air, or gas released from the industrial areas. The carbon is extracted by filtering out the carbon with the installation of many fans. The eFuel is obtained from these two components.
One of the most innovative fuels developed by renewable energy sources for carbon neutrality even when you got a car with a combustion engine. It is estimated by 2025, diesel or gasoline-powered vehicles can also be turned into carbon-neutral.
The method estimates 2.8 gigatons of CO2 to be saved by 2050 with the use of synthetic fuels. One of the advantages is that synthetic fuel can be transported to underdeveloped countries rather than influencing them to switch to electric drives. The existing gas stations can continue to work with the new synthetic fuels.
The benefits of turning the devil that was becoming the major issue into raw material, i.e. the greenhouse gas, from which gasoline, diesel, and other substitute fuels can be produced with the support of electricity from renewable sources.
A conclusion was also made by Bosch, that in the long mileage, hybrid vehicles with synthetic fuels can be less expensive than a long-range electric vehicles.
In short, the dependencies of the vehicles on renewable energy resources either directly or indirectly can help every country from different categories to level up the mission of eliminating the global warming problem.
The issue also focuses on reusing the CO2 or greenhouse gases effectively.