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The use of AI and robots in warfare and policing

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An area of military defense and various sectors has always garnered significant attention in the use of artificial intelligence and robots. The use of artificial intelligence is increasing the need for a change like warfare and the growing demand for advanced technologies.

AI and robots have emerged as potential game-changers in these specific domains. Since World War 2, the use of robotics and intelligent agents in warfare has been prevalent.

However, achieving true intelligence in robots is challenging, as soldiers often struggle to maintain their performance when controlling robots alongside their regular duties.

This shows the need for computational agents and AI to reduce human casualties in warfare, especially in high-risk zones, providing the required safety for human soldiers.

Maintaining an active army is also costly due to threats from terrorists, drones, and missiles. AI and robots are garnering interest to enhance military capabilities and improve situational awareness.

However, the problem lies in how sure one can be that the enemy does not hold the same technology or an upper hand to be used at any moment.

AI and robotics in the policing field also hold potential. The rapid growth of AI technology has opened up new possibilities for law enforcement agencies.

AI can assist in crime prediction, surveillance, and forensic analysis. Its use has the potential to improve efficiency, effectiveness, and public safety.

Nevertheless, AI and robots in warfare and policing raise ethical and legal concerns. The potential for autonomous decision-making and the use of lethal force by robots has sparked debates about accountability and human control.

Striking the right balance between human supervision and AI autonomy is crucial. The use of AI and robots in warfare and policing has the potential to revolutionize these domains, but challenges must be overcome to achieve true intelligence in robots and ensure responsible use.

Pros of the use of AI and robots in warfare and policing:

• AI and robots can carry out dangerous missions, reducing the risk to human lives on the battlefield or in high-risk law enforcement operations.

AI technologies can process vast amounts of data to make quick decisions, resulting in more precise targeting and improved operational efficiency.

• AI-powered robots can gather and analyze data from various sources, enabling better situational awareness and improved threat detection.

Autonomous robots can perform tasks more rapidly than humans, especially beneficial in time-sensitive situations.

• Emotions are not an issue for AI systems, reducing the chances of errors caused by human biases or fatigue.

• Robots can be designed to handle hazardous locations and materials, reducing the risk of exposure to humans during warfare or policing operations.

• Countries with effective law enforcement agencies can utilize AI and robots to gain a technological edge over adversaries, enhancing their defense or law enforcement capabilities.

Cons of the use of AI and robots in warfare and policing:

AI technologies and robots can be misused or fall into the wrong hands, leading to unauthorized access, hacking, or causing harm to civilians.

• AI systems may not fully comprehend complex situations or possess human judgment, potentially leading to critical decision-making errors.

• The deployment of AI and robots in warfare and policing raises ethical questions related to accountability, responsibility, and the potential violation of human rights.

• AI and robots could impact job loss for human personnel, leading to economic impacts.

• AI systems and robotic technologies are susceptible to cyberattacks, compromising operations and potentially leading to significant changes.

• Over-reliance on AI and robots could dehumanize warfare and policing, reducing empathy and compassion, and potentially altering sociocultural dynamics.

• AI systems may not be adaptable to unforeseen circumstances or complex environments, leading to ineffective responses or unintended consequences.

• Excessive reliance on AI and robots may leave warfare and policing forces vulnerable if systems fail or are disabled.

Sources:- LSE | the use of AI in war, Artificial Intelligence and National Security, cna

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