A robot can perform efficiently when proper planning is laid out which performs navigation autonomously. A point-to-point motion helps the robot to reach its goal position that has been designated.
Perception, localization, path planning, and motion control are some principles that are basic in the robotics navigation system. Any type of task can be autonomously and monotonously be done by the robot.
The robotic environments can be represented in 2-D or 3-D workspace. The situations that are possible and are dynamic need robots that are aware of their environmental conditions.
Environment sensing and situation assessing are important in perception. To observe your environment, sensors play a major role where the robot can function with available information, and depending on such information, environment sensing is completely performed by robots.
To know the exact place of any robot and to make a sense of its environment, sensors can be used in localization. Detecting obstacles, and other objects in space can be extensively recognized by robots.
To find the path for the robots where the planning can be performed and the robot can navigate through all the obstacles from the initial position to a goal position can be configured in the space. Navigation can be done in the free space or occupied space, several obstacles can be avoided.
The last phenomena are motion control where its goal can be achieved where several obstacles can be encountered. Depending on the feedback obtained from its previous action, robots can navigate in any direction. The decision can be made by the controller depending on the previous action and speed control, directions, and start- and -stop positions. The signal sends by the controller, helps the actuator’s direction movement while collision can be avoided.