What is challenging for autonomous vehicles?

As the term identifies with the new and modern concept with words approaching more towards scientific game-changer concept in the vehicle industry. Not only in the manufacturing sector but also in tier 2, the tier3 industry, playing a crucial role to open the gate for innovations in the auxiliary component section. However, Autonomous vehicle is still a challenging concept to grab on the road. Can you imagine seeing yourself driving next to a driverless car? Will, you not get surprised, inferior, or complex with various other emotions while driving in complex roads?

The reality of autonomous vehicles to cope with human drivers is one of the complex observations been observed. The two major challenges identified are highway merging and unprotected left-hand turns which have been a hurdle not easy to tackled smartly and comfortably by human drivers also. As per some of the stats recorded in the US, more than 400,000 lanes changing and over 1 million accidents in left turn occurs and difficult to comprehend any solutions.

Now just wonder the same scenario to be faced by AVs, it first has to program in such a complex way, and for that understanding of human behaviour is needed which is quite difficult, and thus the conservative approach to behaviour with the safe operation is lacking. In traffic flow, usually, bottlenecks are created by conservative driving and mainly in the intersection. It has been observed with Waymo, known as the leading pioneer in autonomous driving is still lacking the understanding approach for left turns. The situation calls for AVs to be vulnerable against the aggressive drivers and inhibitions in interpreting the intentions of your opponents resulting in confusing, unexpected reactions and citied as endangered to others.

The integration of AVs needs to be done in such a manner so that the human drivers can anticipate and react expectedly, leading it to avoid any major traffic accidents, such as in California where 57% of the crashes are a result of rear-ended by human drivers. In my opinion how difficult it may seem, but AVs to integrate onto the road need to understand human dynamics during major traffic situations where AVs can get an opportunity to show themselves to be a safe player with near about zero fatal accident. How tough it may sound, but challenges with the selfless driving car will be prominent and difficult to handle?

Source:- J. Stewart, Why people keep rear-ending self-driving cars. Wired (2018) https://www.wired.com/story/self-driving-car-crashes-rear-endings-why-charts-statistics/; C. F. Camerer, E. Fehr, When does “economic man” dominate social behavior? Science 311, 47–52.; C. K. De Dreu, P. A. Van Lange, The impact of social value orientations on negotiator cognition and behavior. Personal. Soc. Psychol. Bull. 21, 1178–1188 (1995)

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